Over 3,000 laboratory tests are currently available for diagnostic use. With the completion of the Human Genome Project, introduction of new medical technologies will cause this number to more than double. Genomic laboratory testing allows identification and quantification of:
- infectious disease agents, e.g. bacterial, viral, or parasitic
- cancer cells
- inherited diseases
- human cells, e.g., for organ transplantation, criminology, paternity testing, and forensic medicine.
Who performs this testing?
Clinical Laboratory Scientists
The LLU CLS program currently provides 20 percent of California's clinical laboratory scientist graduates. What opportunities will these graduates have for employment and career advancement?
These positions may be found in:
Hospital laboratories are found in small 30-bed hospitals up to large medical centers with over 1000 beds. Employment opportunities exist in rural, suburban, and metropolitan areas.
Transfusion services perform collection, processing, and testing of the nation's blood supply, as well as maintain donor information for bone marrow and organ transplantation.
Reference laboratories provide laboratory services to medical clinics. Large regional reference labs are becoming major employers. These labs perform the more sophisticated, unusual, and esoteric laboratory tests. These are the Lab's Lab.
Molecular diagnostic services
Molecular diagnostic services utilize genetic testing and molecular biology methods for diagnosis.
Molecular biotechnology companies
Molecular biotechnology companies use molecular biology methods to produce pharmaceutical and laboratory compounds.
In Vitro Fertilization laboratories
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) laboratories work with fertility clinics in monitoring hormone production as well as IVF procedures.
Veterinary medicine uses the same technologies and laboratory services as clinical medicine.
Research laboratories push the frontiers of new development in medicine, nutrition, genomics, biochemical, and cellular biology.
Diagnostic product manufacturing and manufacturing companies
These companies develop, manufacture, and market products for:
- scientific & medical applications
- laboratory supplies, reagents, and instrumentation
- cellular culturing and harvesting
- biochemical and chemical compounds
- pharmaceutical use
- Product development
- Technical specialists and advisors
- Quality management specialists
- Physician office laboratories
- Quality control management
- Regulatory agency compliance
Public health applications
- Environmental health
- CDC - Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
- NIH - National Institutes of Health
- Criminology and crime labs
- Drug testing/toxicology
- Anatomic pathology
Information management & computer applications
Medical laboratories are becoming the medical information integration centers for patient care.
Computer and information management skills are in high demand, as systems are developed and maintained for entire hospital, medical center, scientific, and medical manufacturing institutions.